Speaking to journalist Kassahun Seboqa of the Australia-based SBS radio, J/ Boruu Barraaqaa, Head of Public Relations for the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF), affirms that Woyane, the military force occupying Oromiyaa since 1991, was compelled to add “Article 39″ in its Constitution as a result of the Oromo people’s national liberation struggle led by the OLF. “Article 39″ is given below for reference.
Listen to Part-2 of the interview below; note that Part-1 of the interview was published here.
Rights of Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples
1. Every nation, nationality and people in Ethiopia has an unconditional right to self-determination, including the right to independence.
2. Every nation, nationality and people in Ethiopia has the right to speak, to write and to develop its language; to express and to promote its culture; and to preserve its history.
3. Ever nation, nationality and people in Ethiopia has the right to a full measure of self-government which includes the right to establish institutions of government in the territory that it inhabits and to equitable representation of regional and national governments.
4. The exercise of self-determination, including independence of every nation nationality and people in Ethiopia is governed by the following procedure: (a) When a demand for independence has been approved by a tow-thirds majority of the member of the members of legislative council of any nation, nationality or people; (b) When the Federal Government has organized a referendum which must take place within three years form the time it received the concerned Council’s decision for independence; (c) When the demand for independence is supported by a majority vote in the referendum; (d) When the Federal Government will have transferred to the people or to their Council its powers and; (e) When the division assets is effected on the basis of law enacted for that purpose.
5. A nation, nationality or people for the purpose of this Constitution, is a group of people who have or share a large measure of a common culture, or similar customs, mutual intelligibility of language, belief in a common or related identities, and who predominantly inhabit an identifiable, contiguous territory.