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Is the Notorious Conflict of the Oromo Polity, the ‘Ethiopian Democratization vs. Oromian Liberation,’ Irreconcilable?

Posted: Waxabajjii/June 4, 2013 · Finfinne Tribune | Gadaa.com | Comments (28)

By Fayyis Oromia*

I wanted to re-write this opinion because of the currently intensified anti-Woyane movement led by the Amhara bloc (“multinational organizations”). It raised an important question in the Oromo national liberation camp. Why couldn’t we, the Oromo national liberation forces, come to terms and cooperate in building at least an alliance based on common denominator of freedom (bilisummaa), which we can call Tumsa Bilisummaa Oromoo (TBO)/Alliance for Freedom of the Oromo (AFO)? Is it really because of the supposed ideological difference as indicated in the title of this opinion? Our common sense dictates that, if we want to prevent the reversal of the victories we achieved up to now, to keep the status quo and to move forwards, we have to come together and build a strong national liberation force. It is only in this way that we can defeat the currently ruling hegemonist Woyane and can hinder the possible coming of the backward-looking Amhara unitarists to power.

It is the fact on the ground that both our foes and our misguided friends still do intensify the instrumentalization of the minor ideological conflict we do have for their mission of dividing and weakening the Oromo national liberation camp. They continuously accuse certain part of the Oromo nationalists (the federalists) as being Ethiopianists (as if they are fighting only to democratize Ethiopia, but not to liberate Oromia). Is this true or is it only an allegation? Is it wrong if some Oromo nationalists do apply different rhetoric (if they are double-tongued) as they are sometimes accused to be? What is wrong if these forces of ours talk about Ethiopian democratization (genuine union/true federation) and about Oromian independence, both tactically and strategically, based on the political contexts and situations? Didn’t the Eritrean and South Sudan nationalists move the same way at different times before they could liberate their respective nations and bring them to the level of referendum on: independence vs. union?

To my information, there was a time when the Eritrean liberation forces talked about and almost agreed to settle for federation within the Ethiopian union, but the move had consequently failed because of the stubborn position of the Ethiopian government at that time – which refused to accept this option. South Sudan nationalists also used to talk about autonomy within a united Sudan, to just not lose the support of the Ethiopian government, which wanted Sudan not to be disintegrated. Simply put, the elites of these two nations did use different rhetoric during their struggles. What is wrong if the Oromo nationalists do the same? Why do our foes and our misguided friends blame these Oromo nationals as if they are deceitful? After all, who is an Ethiopianist Oromo in the true sense of the word? Does it include the federalists, who tactically talk about Oromian autonomy within the Ethiopian union as their goal? How can Oromo nationalists, who want to bring the nation to the status of exercising self-determination per referendum, be designated as Ethiopianists?

Specially at this moment, it seems that the Oromo are asking about the feasibility of our own movement for independence. Why did two of our neighbours, Eritrea and South Sudan, succeed, whereas our movement is still suffering from the ongoing disintegration and division of our national liberation camp? Is it because of only our mistakes or are there some other external factors, which have made the difference? Surely, there are many other factors, one of the major ones being the the support the two liberation movements of Eritrea and South Sudan had got from the Arab world (in case of Eritrea) and the Western world, in contrast to the support the Oromo movement is lacking. There is even a strong opposition from the Western world, which our Oromo national liberation movement faces. We all know how the Eritrean liberation movement had been supported by the Arabs, the Italians and by other Western regimes. They had also had a very secure sanctuary in the neighbouring countries like the Sudan, Egypt and Saudi Arabia. We also know how South Sudan had been supported by the regimes of America, Britain and other Western countries. South Sudan liberation forces had also had a relatively secure sanctuary in Kenya, Uganda and Zaire. On the contrary, are not the Western forces the supporters of our Abyssinian colonizers, who are working continuously to divide and disintegrate the Oromo national liberation camp? Are not the Oromo national liberation forces denied any sort of sanctuary in the neighbouring countries?

Unfortunately, the Oromo national liberation movement, not only lacks such regional sanctuary and international support, but even both our neighbouring countries and the Western friends of Abyssinia do oppose the attempt of the Oromo to liberate from Abyssinian colonization. Specially, the Western world seems to have an opposite policy in comparison to the policy they had towards South Sudan. In the case of South Sudan, they supported the “Christian” south to be free from the influence of the Arabinized north, whereas in the case of Oromia they tend to support the domination by the Abyssinized (Christian) north on the mainly traditional south, including the Oromo. If they had had no such double standard as usual, they should have supported the national liberation movement of the Oromo from the domination of the Abyssinized north, just as they have done to protect the South Sudan from the Arabinized north.

Despite such lack of consistency in the policy of the Western world, no question that the Oromo nation is one of the biggest African nations – which should be liberated from any sort of colonization or domination. This nation has been under the colonial rule since the conference of the European colonialists in Berlin at the end of the nineteenth century, when they planned the Scramble for Africa. The Abyssinized king Minilik was treated by the European Christians benevolently to have his share of the colony and “to civilize as well as to Christianize” the Oromo and the other non-Christian nations in the southern part of the present Ethiopian empire. Since then, the Oromo and the other occupied nations in the region have been struggling for their national freedom. Particularly, the Oromo are now at the worst colonial situation; we are, not only occupied and oppressed, but also our colonizers are selling our land and our labour to international capitalists for the very dirty cheap price.

Being in such dire situation, Oromo nationalists still seem to enjoy a luxury of quarreling on minor issues like discussing on the conflict ‘Ethiopian democratization vs. Oromian national liberation,’ be it that we use both concepts as a means or as an end of our struggle. It is not surprising when we do observe Woyane cadres persuading us to dwell on such debates and discussions, for they know very well that it is a good way to hinder unity of Oromo national liberation forces from being realized. But interesting is also to observe few of our politicians making the same rhetoric by antagonizing the two concepts again and again. Some of them like to talk and write about this antagony; some of them want to make the conflict be seen as an irreconcilable, also at this first phase of the national liberation struggle. Considering the two phases of our struggle (the first freedom phase and the second referendum phase), we can see that the two concepts will be irreconcilable only during the second phase, in the time of the future voting on them. It seems that we have not yet come to our senses and look at the two concepts, as either a means or an end, that they are not contradictory, but complementary to each other at this moment of the first phase, until we come to the status of exercising our self-determination per referendum.

This difference of outlook regarding the Ethiopian democratization and the Oromian national liberation in the process of the Oromo national struggle had been there from the very beginning of our struggle. Some Oromo nationalists wanted to liberate Oromo from oppression within the Ethiopian context; the others wanted a separate and independent republic of Oromia. Regarding this outlook, it seems that we do now have three political movements in Oromo society:

– the movement of the pro-unity Oromo, who are interested in liberating the Oromo in a sense of democratizing the empire and achieving individual liberty for all citizens, including the Oromo people, disregarding the existence and the necessary emancipation of Oromia. They are not necessarily against the right of the Oromo people to self-determination through referendum, but their wish is to keep the territorial integrity of the empire intact and, if possible, foster a country led by the Oromo. This is the group whom I consider as classical Ethiopianists.

– the pro-federation Oromo, for whom national liberation can be the same as Oromian autonomy within the Ethiopian union (true killil-federation). I think we can designate this group as loyal to Oromia, thus they are not classical Ethiopianists, but they merely use the name Ethiopia for tactical reason as far as they are operating “legally” under the gunpoint of the Abyssinian colonizers or getting support from other non-Oromo forces.

– the pro-independence Oromo, who do believe in and advocate for Oromian independence. To my understanding, many members of the Oromo rebel organizations belong here, even though they may have different rhetoric based on the contexts and situations for tactical reasons. All Oromo nationalists in this group can be considered as Oromianists.

The common denominator for these three movements is freedom of the Oromo people or self-determination of the Oromo people per referendum. Any Oromo individual or group against this right to self-determination can be considered as part and parcel of our colonizers, who do deny us this right; they are simply collaborators. So, we need to differentiate Oromo politicians, who want to have liberated Oromo people within the Ethiopian context from the Abyssinian colonists and their collaborators, who want to oppose our right to self-determination with a pretext of unconditional Ethiopian unity, an euphemism to keep the system of colonization intact. Even Abyssinian forces can be divided into two, based on their position regarding our right to self-determination: Abyssinian democrats, who in principle accept and respect our right to self-determination; and Abyssinian colonialists, who do oppose our right with a pretext of unconditional Ethiopian unity.

So, our enemies are those, who are against our right to self-determination, whereas the above mentioned three Oromo movements and the Abyssinian democrats are not necessarily enemies to each other, as long as they want to liberate Oromo, i.e. as long as they want to bring the Oromo people to the level of exercising self-determination per referendum, making Oromo free from any external influence. After liberating Oromo and bringing us to the status of voting in referendum, be it they achieve that per ballot or by bullet/force, they can agitate for their preferred visions. That means, they can campaign respectively for only democratic Ethiopia, disregarding Oromia (the vision of the pro-unity Oromo); for the Oromian autonomy within the Ethiopian union (internal self-determination), which is the vision of Oromo federalists; and for the Oromian independence within the African union (external self-determination), which is the goal of the pro-independence Oromo. But now, all the three Oromo groups can and should work together in order to get rid of the occupying and oppressing forces of the colonizers. Here, we can also have the empowering alliance with the Abyssinian democrats, specially with the Amhara democrats, whereas I do advise for a caution in trying to work with Tigrean democrats. Such Tigreans may claim to oppose the present regime, but surely they can have a loyalty conflict, when it comes to the domination by their kins.

For the pro-unity Oromo democrats, ‘Ethiopian democratization’ is both a means and an end to realize their vision; whereas for the pro-federation Oromo, it is more a means to their end for they seem to use their explicit objective (Oromian autonomy) as a prelude for the bigger goal (Oromian independence). Despite the fact that democracy under Woyane’s rule is practically impossible, these two Oromo groups just try to instrumentalize the democratization process in order to put pressure on the Tigrean rulers. But, pro-independence Oromo’s explicit goal is crystal clear, even though it seems there is a division on the route (the strategy) they try to take to reach at the goal. This taking different routes is the main area of discord between the different factions of our rebelling national liberation fronts. The difference is not necessarily based on the conflict, ‘Ethiopian democratization vs. Oromian national liberation,’ but on the variety of rhetoric they do use at different times for tactical reasons.

Thus, the difference between Oromo federalists, who are usually painted as “Ethiopianists” by their rivals, and those which are considered as Oromianists, is not as such the matter of being Ethiopianist or Oromianist as our foes and our misguided friends try to convince us. The difference here is that of the evolutionary approach of some nationalists (including their acceptance of Oromian autonomy within the Ethiopian union as a prelude to Oromian independence) and the revolutionary way of the others in trying to achieve the same goal of Oromian national liberation (tendency to advocate independence without a necessary prelude of autonomy within the union). That is why, calling any of such federalists as Ethiopianists is morally and truly wrong. They only differ in a strategy they have chosen towards the same goal. This makes us to hope that all will join certain possible unity of Oromo freedom fighters in due time for the national liberation of Oromia, so that, at the end of the day, we will only have one strong and efficient alliance, which can lead us to the promised land. I don’t see any reason why this artificial difference of goal between the Oromo national liberation forces can be the cause of division. Not only the pro-independence Oromo, but also all the other groups, i.e. the anti-independence and the Oromo who now want to stay neutral till the day of the referendum can now agree on the common purpose of freedom of the Oromo (to liberate the Oromo and bring the nation to the level of referendum).

To fulfill this purpose, I still believe that we have to forge, not only unity of the Oromo national liberation forces, but also an all-inclusive alliance, in order to get rid of the currently ruling fascists and racists. Of course, the alliance can happen only with the national liberation forces of other oppressed nations and with the Amhara democrats, not with the Amhara colonialists, who still salivate to replace the Tigrean colonialists and bring back their own colonial rule. Let’s think at the following metaphor, which I repeatedly used to describe our national liberation journey: we all are now living in Djibouti (under slavery); both the Amhara people and the Oromo people, including all the other minority nationalities are suffering under Woyane’s tyranny. The national liberation journey from Djibouti to Diredawa (to freedom from the fascist Woyane) is the common route for both the Amhara democratic forces and the Oromo national liberation fronts. So, there is nothing which can hinder the alliance of these forces from happening at the moment. The smart politicians from both the Amhara democratic bloc and the Oromo national liberation camp should support such an alliance to get rid of the slavery under the Tigrean colonialists and fascists.

After arriving at Diredawa, the member organizations of the alliance can have either a polity consensus or a public referendum in order to live together in Diredawa (the Ethiopian union with Oromian autonomy). If they may not agree on such consensus or referendum, any move to Adama (Oromian independence = getting rid of Ethiopia) and a further move to Finfinne (a union of independent nations) requires that the Oromo forces be stronger, to be in a position to either compel or convince the Amhara elites. Such same move to the other direction, i.e. to Debremariqos (geography based federation = getting rid of Oromia) and a further move to Bahirdar (a unitary Ethiopia = even getting rid of federation) needs that the Amhara forces be stronger, so that they can either compel or convince the Oromo elites. But, sure is that choosing the alternative of living under the ongoing slavery in Djibouti for both big nations (for the Amhara and the Oromo) is foolishness par excellence. Only the fools of both nations or the smarts of the ruling Woyane fascists do want to keep this status quo by opposing an all-inclusive alliance and by sabotaging the possible unity in respective camps (by sabotaging the respective unity in both the Amhara bloc and the Oromo camp). As far as Oromo nation is concerned, we need the alliance with the Amhara bloc to move to Diredawa; and we should have the unity of the Oromo national liberation forces to be stronger and move further to Adama as well as to Finfinne.

By being stronger and moving to Adama, we can surely make the colonial Abyssinian rulers sing like Al-Bashir, who said: “the ball is in your (in South Sudan’s) court and the decision is yours. If you say unity, welcome; if you also say secession, you are also welcome; and I would like to say: welcome to a new brotherly state. The preferred choice for us is unity, but in the end we will respect the choice of the southern citizens; one would be sad that Sudan has split but also pleased because we witnessed peace.” To come to this level and compel the Abyssinian colonizers to sing like this, the Oromo people have to now concentrate on the burning issue of the national liberation struggle, i.e. on fighting for freedom from the fascists by any means possible, for which both the unity and the alliance are mandatory. I hope that at least Abyssinian democrats will be ready to say: “the preferred choice for us is unity, but at the end, we will accept and respect the choice of Oromian citizens,” unless otherwise their version of democracy excludes the right of big nations, like the Oromo, to self-determination. Of course, we don’t expect such reaction from the Abyssinian colonialists or from the colonial-minded elites.

The way forward from the status quo is thus firstly empowering our Oromo camp, which comprises all the three groups of movements (the pro-independence, the pro-federation and the pro-unity). Now, in the first phase of our national liberation struggle, they all can fight together against the colonialists, and then after the national liberation, in the second phase, they can agitate for their respective vision in order to win in the possible public referendum. That is why the conflict, ‘Ethiopian democratization vs. Oromian national liberation’ at the first phase is not as such irreconcilable. We do surely have irreconcilable conflict with our colonizers and with their collaborators, who are against our right to self-determination, but not with pro-unity Oromo, not with pro-federation Oromo or not even with Amhara democrats. Let alone the mentioned different Oromo forces, even other organizations, including the currently oppressed Amhara democratic forces, which do accept and respect our right to self-determination, are welcome to foster alliance with us to compel the Woyane fascists to leave power in Finfinne palace.

The difference between Oromo nationalists, who do oppose the alliance with Amhara forces and those who do support the alliance, is because of the tendency of those who oppose the alliance to concentrate only on the Amhara colonizers’ rejection of our right to self-determination, whereas those who support the alliance do look at the chance of the alliance with the Amhara democrats’ support of our right. But, both the anti-alliance Oromo nationalists and the pro-alliance Oromo nationalists should try to make a consensus and have the same and similar stand, i.e. they have to say ‘no’ to the alliance with the colonial forces, but say ‘yes’ to the one with the democratic forces. That means, we have to be able to discern between the two Amhara forces (between the colonizers and the democrats), instead of quarreling on this issue of opposing or supporting the alliance with the Amhara forces.

I think the future decolonized and democratized Oromia, with its tradition of Gadaa democracy, will be the center of an emission for a radiation of the bright light of democracy in the future United States of Africa (USA) based on the mere fact that Finfinne will be the seat of the upcoming Union Government of Africa (UGA). On the contrary, any attempt of keeping this great nation of Africa under Abyssinian occupation and oppression will continue to be a curse for the Horn region in particular, and for the African continent in general. That is why I want to encourage all Oromo national liberation movements (the pro-independence, the pro-federation and the pro-unity) to work together now, in order to liberate the Oromo nation from the occupying forces and bring the nation to the state of exercising self-determination per referendum, which can result into one of the three goals of the three movements: to the democratic Ethiopia devoid of Oromia as the pro-unity Oromo wish, to the federated and democratic Ethiopia with Oromian autonomy as the pro-federation Oromo want, and to an independent democratic republic of Oromia as the pro-independence Oromo envision. But, when I see the tendency of the Oromo community now, I am almost certain that the majority of the Oromo people will vote for Oromian independence.

That is why, I do see no reason for these Oromo groups to attack each other at this first phase of our struggle – where we need, not only the alliance/unity of the Oromo forces, but also seek the alliance with other forces. Let those Oromo groups, which believe in the unity, forge it; let those, which think the alliance is advantageous, also do it; and let those, which oppose either of the two or reject both of them, also move forward against the colonizers without antagonizing the other Oromo national liberation forces, but by organizing a supportive tandem activity against our archenemy, i.e. against the Abyssinian colonizers. We need to see the fact that, until we come to the level of exercising our self-determination per referendum, both concepts (Ethiopian democratization and Oromian national liberation), as a means and/or as an end, are not irreconcilable and contradictory to each other as our foes want to convince us, but they are complementary to each other. There is nothing wrong if our national liberation forces talk about the two concepts for tactical reason under different contexts and situations. The two concepts are irreconcilable only in the second phase, i.e. during the referendum, where we have to vote on them, but not now, when we are fighting for our freedom. May our Waaqa/Rabbi help us to understand this fact that the conflict is reconcilable in the first national liberation phase, but not to believe the fancy, that it is irreconcilable also in this phase, the fiction, which is created and transmitted by our foes just to divide and rule us. May He help all the Oromo national liberation forces to foster at least the beneficial Alliance for Freedom of the Oromo (AFO)/Tumsa Bilisummaa Oromo (TBO) in order to make the Oromo camp forceful and competent to deal with the current challenges.


* Fayyis Oromia can be reached at foromia@yahoo.com.


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  1. Tolcha Jabeessa

    Jun 4, 13 at 6:09 am

    Yaanni kee gaarii dha yoo itti yaadamee jiraate ,Oromoon wal -irrati duuluu dhiisuu qaba dura .Yoo kana ta’e malee Sirbaan Oromoo tokko akkana jedhe “Maasiin gamaa lafa baatu talbaa facaafata taati malee ,tokko nyaatee taokk hin taa’uu wal-gagalaafata taati male “jedhe mitiiree.

  2. Daraaraa Sabaa

    Jun 4, 13 at 6:51 am

    Fayyis tnx a million! It’s brilliant article mucaa oromo.

  3. Fuliyyee

    Jun 4, 13 at 7:17 am

    Obbo Yayyis,

    Bara 1991 irraa jalqabee Oromoon xiqqaa fi guddaan beekaa fi wallaalaan waa’ee tokkumma, keessumattu jaarmiyoota Oromoo jiddu itti akka jabaatuf Oromoon waan inni hin goone hin jiru. Fala rakkoo kanaa argachuuf warruma raakkoo kana uume akka fala itti barbaadan bara baraan kadhuu malee Oromoon fala waan itti dhabe fakkata.
    Atis hawwii Oromota hedduu kan ta’e tokkumma tokkumma tokkumma tokkumma jechuun ke gaarii ture kan gurra saba oromof kennutu hin jiru malee.

    Kan bira waan si jechuu barbaaduu,yaada fi ijenno ke guyyu hin jijirin hoggus oromoon si jalata. Wanta sabbontonni oromo ofirra shakkanis hin leellisin (pro fedaration) waan isaan deemaniif atuu hin beektu.

  4. Jigsaa Tuulaa

    Jun 4, 13 at 9:05 am


    We understand the ultimate goal you are talking about and we have already prepared strategy to make it unrealistic.
    One Oromo proverb says, “Falfalli gowwaa hin dokatu”, and you cannot even hide your unrealistic dream/desperate illusion.
    However, thank you for your provision of hidden agenda some of your colleagues strive for. The agenda will remain to be a dream for ever.

  5. Amani

    Jun 4, 13 at 2:11 pm

    siif sabboonaa jechaan kanuma akka kee duwwaa yaadu (walabummaatti amanu) fakkaata! Garuu waan Fayyis jechaa jiru: tokko tokko hin caalu; namuu waan barbaadetti haa amanu, hamma bilisummaa if keessaa qabutti; kan hafe uummata tu murteefata! Shakkii ati warra federation jedhu irraa qabdu kana dirqama inni qabaachuu hin qabu. Shakkiin ati calaqistuu, qabsaa’ota Oromoo kana walirraa fageessa; yaadni Fayyis ammoo Oromoo walitti dhiheessa. Kanaaf yaada isaa irraa barachuu yaali; gltm!!

  6. Bilisummaa

    Jun 4, 13 at 2:48 pm

    Dear my Oromo people,

    —–Let Us Foster Alliance or Unity for Freedom!—–

    Whatever the dictators in the empire do, the train of the Oromo liberation movement moves forward to the final goal slowly, but surely. In 1991 the train, which started its journey from Djibouti (symbol for colony/slavery), arrived at the border town called Ayisha (limited cultural autonomy), but not yet at Diredhawa (genuine federation), on the way to Adama (independence) and Finfinnee (union of independent states). Whether our colonizers like it or not, this way or that way, the next eventuality can be the opportunity for the train to move to Diredhawa. Let’s be watchful and strengthen our unity for freedom and then use the opportunity. Of course, the spirit of freedom (mindset of all the freedom loving Oromo) is moving in genuine Oromo in the rebel, opposition and ruling organizations. This spirit is uniting us, even if we seem to be disunited structurally.

    Genuine Oromo in the ruling party with the freedom-mindset are there to keep the status quo by making their rhetoric, that they have already liberated us, even though they know that we only moved from Djibouti to Ayisha. Oromo nationalists in the opposition organizations with the same mindset are trying their best to promote the liberation journey to Diredhawa; we hope they will succeed in the next eventuality. Those in the rebel liberation fronts with the freedom-mindset then will finish the journey to Adama and Finfinne. To promote the last phase, we definitely need an alliance with the liberation movements of all oppressed nations. But more important above all things is unity for freedom of all Oromo organizations, which must unite to:

    – live in Ayisha together (keep the status quo),
    – move to Diredhawa together, and
    – then finish our journey to Adama as well as Finfinne together.

    The question yet to be answered is, why should we and how can we build this unity for freedom? We are a big nation with 40 million people. But yet, we are colonized. One of the many factors which hinder us from success is the fragmentation of our political organizations. We do now have several mini-liberation fronts roaring like baby lions against one big ruling party, the Woyane. The well experienced Woyane is laughing at our mini-lions for they are not dangerous to it. It even pretends to take one or two of them seriously and try to negotiate with them. But, the baby lions can not gain in the negotiation since Woyane despises them. In order to gain in negotiation, the mini-lions need to be strong in the battle field. That is why all of them have to come under one structure and build one strong liberation front. No one in life fears 100 baby lions, but everyone is scared of confronting one strong adult lion. Here is my small suggestion on how to forge such a strong lion:

    At the level of the public: we need to enhance the consciousness of our people at the grass-root level and organize them to be oriented to the big picture, to our end goal, i.e to the beneficial union of independent nations. We have to help our communities all over the world to forge unity for freedom and independence. Every Oromo at the grass-root level should take heed of the dividers, who try to play the cards of region, party and religion to sow a discord among Oromos.

    At the level of the media: (forums, radio, internet news, paltalks, etc), we should be wise enough to discern between constructive and destructive comments, criticisms, ideas, etc. We know that nowadays our opponents use Oromo name, Oromo language and Oromo identity in order to fight against us. Every comment, idea or criticism said or written by someone in the name of Oromo is not necessarily from an Oromo. Of course, there are some Oromo, who knowingly or unknowingly serve the interest of our opponents against the Oromo cause. So, our bloggers and journalists should take heed of such destructive messages and expose them as they come.

    At the level of the polity: I just recommend all Oromo organizations try to work together. It is encouraging that the “legal” opposition already consolidated under one strong organization. Let our mini-lions come together and foster one strong adult lion. They do accuse each other as if they have different goals. But, when we look at them and their programs, they do have no difference in objective. Their common goal is clear, i.e an imperative freedom of the Oromo people and an optional independence of the Oromo land. Where they do differ is only in attitude and way of struggle. We can understand the difference in attitude in double sense. One is because of the emotional disagreement of some Oromo politicians (antipathy to each other). The other is, of course, some politicians are putting their self-interest higher than Oromo people’s interest. I hope in due time, these politicians learn to control their attitude and work together for the sake of Oromo people’s national goal. The difference regarding the way of struggle is actually complementary rather than contradictory. They only need to accept and respect the different routes chosen by each of them (just as an example the “illegal” route and the “legal” way are complementary.)

    Regarding the possible alliance with the Abyssinian democratic forces, we may move with them to Diredhawa, but surely they will not be willing to move with us to Adama and Finfinne. To comprehend the difference, let us look at the four current political blocs in the empire:

    – the Andinet Hayiloch: those unitary forces striving for the further existence of the empire with pretext of “Ethiopian unity” as it had been before 1991.

    – the Abiyotawi Hayiloch: the current ruling fascist regime of Woyane’s revolutionary democratic forces.

    – the Abironet Hayiloch: those unionists/federalists, who try to achieve both independence of nations and union of the region, be it in the name of Ethiopia, the Horn or otherwise.

    – the Arinet Hayiloch: those fighting exclusively for independence of their respective nations, disregarding the possibility and the importance or benefit of forging a union of independent nations.

    The Andinet Hayiloch want that we move back to Djibouti; the Abiyotawi Hayiloch want to keep the status quo; with Abironet Hayiloch we can move to Diredhawa; but we need an alliance with the Arinet Hayiloch to end our journey to Adama as well as Finfinne. A new alliance of opposition groups which emphasizes the importance of a union needs to be formed in order to promote our liberation journey. Of course, only the Abronnet & the Arinnet Hayiloch can be ready for such an alliance. I encourage the Oromo organizations to take a lead as before and forge such an alliance against the regime of the Woyane.

    In short, alliance or unity for freedom is the panacea for our hitherto predicament.

  7. TBO

    Jun 4, 13 at 3:42 pm

    “….. Why couldn’t we, the Oromo national liberation forces, come to terms and cooperate in building at least an alliance based on common denominator of freedom (bilisummaa), which we can call Tumsa Bilisummaa Oromoo (TBO)/Alliance for Freedom of the Oromo (AFO)?…..” This idea of fostering TBO based on the common denominator, i.e on ‘Bilisummaa Oromoo’ could have been feasible, if all Oromo politicians overcome their ego and work on ONLY serving the national interest of the Oromo people! God help us!!!!!!!!

  8. Gurbattii

    Jun 4, 13 at 4:41 pm

    “Here, we can also have the empowering alliance with the Abyssinian democrats, specially with the Amhara democrats, whereas I do advise for a caution in trying to work with Tigrean democrats. Such Tigreans may claim to oppose the present regime, but surely they can have a loyalty conflict, when it comes to the domination by their kins.”

    Thanks for your good path analysis. But, on my part I don’t see any d/ce b/n the habeshas. CARE should be taken when dealing with them whoever they are!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Let me forward a saying by somebody about them, “The one who sips with the Habashas should have long spoon!!!!!!!!” Let alone the Habashas, the other nations and nationalities don’t see our liberation movement with good eye. Any Oromo living in Ethiopia, especially in the capital, can witness this. So, we should be determined and tactful. We should stop fighting each other. We should not expect green light from any individual, group or nation at the start. Unless we become a strong force, no body will give us attention, nobody will consider important to even form an alliance with us!!!!! Awareness creation among our people is also mandatory. There are uncountable Oromos in Finfinnee who still become ashamed of their Oromo names, who still don’t use their mother language. I encountered 3 females who changed their names during the past 2 or 3 years, one from CAALTUU to HAANNAA, the second from TUUJUBEE to TIGIST, and the last from EEBBISEE to ASTEER!!! What a shame this is especiall at this time (21st centuary)?????!!!!!!!!! If all the Oromo in Finfinnee,for example, speak full heartedly their language, it would be one kind of cultural/linguistic revolution and contribute to the main liberation movement. But, how many of us living in the capital recognize this????? There is nothing that is overlooked in any liberation movement. Any thing that we/our enemies do may negatively or positively affect our liberation movement. Self confidence in our identity, language, culture and political stand will contribute positively to our KAAYYOO. So, we need critical awareness for our people of all walks of life.

  9. Qanquree

    Jun 4, 13 at 5:48 pm

    ” alatiin fira fakkatee simira nyaati”. bara heedduu eegaltee wa`ee ” Kayyoon wal hin fallessu ” jechuun Oromoo afaanfajjesuu yaalita. Ethiopiaa fi Oromiyaan faalaa waliti. Kan Habashaa fi Oromooti. Karaan isaa tokko miti. Namni mana harawaa ijaruu fi kan moofa`e suphu meshaan isaa tokko miti. Yaada garii fakkessitee inni ati wa`ee Oromoota abashoomanii nuti xeebdu kun Oromoo baloo birati fudhtama hin qabu. Kanaafuu ofumaa kee IMpayeera ijaruuti jabaadhu. Akkam du`uti mallasaa waggaa tokkofaa dhufuti jiraa, gaafa sana ammas xalayaa yaadannoo bareesitumoo, deemitanii aayyo AZabiin dubbisitu?

  10. tolaa

    Jun 4, 13 at 6:50 pm

    Ob. Fayyis Oromia,

    You wrote “the mainly traditional south, including the Oromo”. What do you mean when you put such statement? Do you believe the majority of the population in the south is currently traditional or you are still telling us what the West used to refer to 50 or 100 years back? The overwhelming majority of the South including Oromo is either Muslim or Christian. You can argue from other angles, but do not twist the fact just to create christian vs traditional narratives.
    You are coming to the middle which is nice. The rest part of your story is good.

  11. barentu

    Jun 4, 13 at 9:23 pm

    Fayyus Oromiya, Osoo oromoon hundi keenya onnee akka keetii fi yaada ballaa akka kee qabaannee Oromiyaan guyyaa yartuutti bilissoomti, ati yeroo hunda gama kamiinuu miti yeroo hunda yaada tokkummeessa barreessita(suggest) goota.fkn Qaamolee OLF lameen akka walitti dhufaniif gumaacha ati gochaa turetee fi bu’aasaa argite hundi keenya nin beekana! baayyee galatoomi,haalli akka ati fi kanneen biroon yaadanitti ta’uu baatus. erga itti dhalaannee hamma barri darbutti hamma rabbiin tokko nu godhutti ogummmaa qabnuun akka kee kana bira haa dhaabbanuun ergaa koo warra kaaniif. ati garuu jabaadhu guyyaa tokko firiisaa ni argita ni argina, qabssoon kamuu tolatti karaa hin qabatau, obsa fixachiisaadha!

    Dhumarratti barruu kee keessaa kan onnee koo keessatti waa uumte irra deebihee barruussuun barbaade, isa kana baayyeen dhabbilee siyaasa oromoo akka keetti waan hin hubanneef, akkas jette:

    “….It is only in this way that we can defeat the currently ruling hegemonist Woyane and can hinder the possible coming of the backward-looking Amhara unitarists to power.”

  12. Seenaa

    Jun 4, 13 at 9:45 pm

    ——-Whatever Oromo History Is, No Compromise On Our Destiny——-

    There were always, and there are still today, two views and two perspectives among Oromo nationalists. I think the cause of these two perspectives is the version of Oromo history we do have in mind and our own individual biography. According to the discussion I made with many fellow Oromo individuals, there are even some who do just swim and paddle between the two blocks of ideas. What are these blocks and how can we accommodate them in our liberation journey? I think we can classify fellow Oromo individuals into three in respect to their view about our history and our destiny:

    – Oromo individuals who seem to accept the history version that we are original Cush nation and even that we are the “stalk” of other Cush nations. The implication of such history is that this group tends to believe and accept that we, the Oromo people, should stay together with Abyssinians, who are also “our siblings” from the same origin. So clear is that this group tends to advocate for liberated Oromo within a united Ethiopia and, if possible, struggle further for the Oromo Renaissance (here Oromo being both the Oromo-proper, who now identify themselves as Oromo, and the Oromo-progenies, who “lost their Oromummaa gradually in the last 3000 years history”). I think this is the reason for some Oromo politicians to start to speak about a necessity of a change of philosophy in the Oromo liberation movement.

    – Oromo individuals who seem to accept that there can be historical relations between Abesha and Oromo, but believe that the most important is the colonial relation after Abesha rulers invaded and subjugated Oromia at the end of the nineteenth century in connection to the European colonizers’ movement of the Scramble for Africa. No question this group thinks that the only destiny of Oromo is a complete liberation of Oromia from the colonization or domination of our neighboring Abyssinia. Of course, this group also sees a possibility of a union of nations in the region after independence of Oromo for the possible common benefit of all peoples in the region. It seems to be the fact on the ground that the majority of Oromo people seem to rally behind this idea.

    – Oromo individuals who do just paddle between the above two options based on the situation because of their own biographies. Most of such Oromo personalities or groups have got loyalty conflicts. They tend to be loyal to both Ethiopia and Oromia. People with such minds are either the supporters of the Ethiopianist Oromo movements or they are just promoters of ONLY federation in the Ethiopian-context without demanding for further self-determination of the Oromo people or for independence of Oromia. Now, such mindset is almost dying among the Oromo community for the struggle is becoming clear and radical.

    Many Oromo nationalists wrote about the concern they had because of the position, which try to tell us that Oromo is the origin for most of Ethiopian nations and, as a consequence, Oromo must take the responsibility, not only to liberate Oromo-proper, but also other nations, including Abeshas, seems to be detrimental to the Oromo liberation movement. Simply put, they say that if we believe that Abyssinians are Oromos who lost their Oromummaa in the last 3000 years, it will be difficult to make a radical liberation struggle against our “own”.

    I do personally share this concern. Firstly, the so called “modern Oromo history” is not yet verified exactly. Secondly, Abesha elites, as crooked they always are, try to use this “modern Oromo history” as an instrument against the Oromo liberation movement. That is actually what we could observe in the cyberworld in the past many years. Abesha elites always tried to dilute Oromo’s radical step towards freedom and independence by trying to tell us that we, the Oromo people, are part of them aka “Ethiopians”, and they actually used such history to try to convince us. They untiredly told us that both Amharas and Tigarus are from Oromo origin, so the liberation of Oromia from the Abesha subjugators, who “are Oromo” themselves, is “not logical”.

    As far as my position is concerned, let’s leave history for historians. We don’t need either to believe it or deny it. We just start from the status quo. No question at the moment that Oromo is enslaved by Woyane elites, so we need to be liberated from this domination. Just in front of our eyes, a lot of Oromo nationalists have died just for they are Oromo nationalists and still a lot are languishing in jails. During this time of tribulations, the Abesha elites (“our progeny”) didn’t look at Oromo as their own. Why should then Oromo look at this barbaric tyrants as our own? Let alone Oromo, even the oppressed Abeshas and other nations, should fight them. To decide our destiny we need our own public verdict. That is why our goal is self-determination. Whatever our history is, we stick to this goal.

    Disregarding the different versions of our history, we can agree that our nationalism (Oromummaa) depends on the view we do have on our national (Oromo) interest. Those of us, who do support and serve this national interest, are the ones with greater Oromummaa. So Oromummaa is, not only about biological origin, but more about psychological make-up. To that matter, we have seen a lot of biological Oromo individuals who do identify themselves with Oromo foes. I personally think, beyond biological Oromo origin and beyond the language we do speak, an Oromo with sound Oromummaa is for me the one who identifies himself with being Oromo, with Afaan Oromo, with our liberation cause and with the Oromo way of life, including Oromo culture.

    In short, I must say that whatever our history might be or our status quo is, we should push together for our final destiny of freedom and independence. What matters is the Oromo nation we want to build in the future, i.e. a free, an independent and a prosperous Oromo land, and an emancipated Oromo people i.e simply put Bilisummaa saba Oromo (freedom of Oromo people) and Walabummaa biya Oromo (sovereignty of Oromo land).


  13. Jabaa

    Jun 4, 13 at 10:39 pm

    dhugaa jette! Otuu Oromoon hedduun akkas yaaduu jalqabne bilisummaan fagoo miti! Haa jabaannu!!

  14. NAMA

    Jun 5, 13 at 1:11 am

    Hi Walfida, welcome back!
    We missed you for a long time. At least you can’t hide your confusion which made me convert from oromo to NAMA.

  15. Siddisee

    Jun 5, 13 at 1:35 am

    Fayyis Oromiya= Walabsi on paltalk.

    Fayyis Oromiya aka Walabsi on paltalk is an ODF member so that how could he possibly provide a neutral argument? He wanna propagate the Leencoinism theory, the fake and nonoperational and fantasy.

  16. Cush

    Jun 5, 13 at 1:37 am

    you better be Cush! Now it is a time to move for the greater ‘Cushitic Republic of Oromia’, as an alternative to the little ‘Gadaa Republic of Oromia’. But for both of them, there is a transitional arrangemnet called Ethiopian Union, which we can forge by dismantling the existing Abyssinian Empire. That is why the position of the federalists like the ODF is not bad as a transitional solution. Then the Oromo people can have a choice between OLF’s independent “little Oromia” (Gadaa Republic) and OPF’s (Oromo Patriots Front) “greater Oromia” (Cushitic Republic) by claiming the whole Ethiopia be renamed as Oromia!

  17. Abdii

    Jun 5, 13 at 12:46 pm

    To create the “The Greater Cushitic Republic” instead of the “The little Gadaa Republic”. Otuu hullee hin ta’iin foollee” ta’uu yaaluun keessan duruu isin hin baasne.

  18. Waqjiraa Gudataa

    Jun 5, 13 at 9:42 pm

    Dear to our Sir Fayyis Oromia,
    As the majority of Oromo nation,I am happy to see you back on spotlight- on our forum for what your pen used to speak for the cuase of our national destiny. When your first appeared on our forum again in defending Oromummaa against the Oromo enemies, this time challenging the Oromo enemy- Dr. Fikre Tolossa I got a phone call from my daughter Dr. BILISEE Waqjiraa from Athens by saying that our guru nationalist Sir Fayyis is back!. Yes , as hard ever to controll my emotion I found myself on his response to the Ahmaranised Oromo or [a neftegna] which I found it as a very soft response NOT to make die the enemy. BUT my expectation from our Fayys went further than I imagined at ALL. As we Oromos expecting from him a more aggressive response in defending the sense of true Oromummaa, he failed to protect his nation from an enemy war, thanks to our Waaqayyoo we Oromos have a true nationalist who never compromise on our national destiny is our pride hero an Oromo nationalist /elderly/ who gave a demolishing response to the debteraw servant- Fikre Tolosaa whereby the Oromo nationalists moving in a right direction as much as Germany of late 20th century when they were under the arms of Helmut Kohl, we Oromos are moving under the arms of our hero Sir IBSAA Guutamaa, sorry for our Fayyis Oromia who sacrifice his true stand to save the dying empire. Why, dose our Fayyis Oromia as one of the father of our OLF deserves for such challenging history?. As his pen always speaking for the cause of the Oromo nation, as he is the most intrigue Oromo politician who needs to listen the heart beats of his nation, it is the high time to hold the Oromiyaan flag up for the liberation of our mother land- Oromiyaa rather than the unrealstic democratisation of the empire as against history. FRANJO TUD’man in 1990th having in mind to democratise the Yugoslavian empire, but when the Serbs supported by powerful Russians ,the Croatian nationalist listned his nation voice and secured thier national identity who became as the father of his nation, the same historical fact is true for our Fayyis if he really stands for the Oromiyaan cause.
    As far as Liberation of Oromiyaa Vs democratisation of the empire is concerned there will never ever be a true sense of democratising empire rather than to dismanle it as it should be for historical facts.When the Romans ruled over whole Europe including the great London for 700 years, did the British demanded democratisation OR fought for their national Identity?. When the later was the only answer, Oromos too have a God given right for their Identity as the most great nation in Africa. There is NO vision of conflict in our struggle except lack of determination. Look the TPLF as a ruling party it never allowed to change its even when ruling while ours changing their historical name only to satisfy their royalty to their historical enemy as the ODF is desperately looking a temporary buyer ignoring the historical mistake doing by the Oromo nation. If such dirty greedy politics stopped somewhere our Tokkummaa would move for our national destiny.
    Our Fayyis Oromia also tried to intimidate us as if the world moves against us. He reaptley raised such unpopular lies as if the west oppose the Oromo struggle for liberty and freedom. Let an African state, even at the European heart on the Dilemma of Yugoslavia, they never cared who is who as far as their national interested well defined, the more you are strong they march behind of any nation, but as you are a visionless as much as ODF waiting a magical support is a really a pretty dream. Bosinia, Machedonia, and Kosovo Albanian proved the reality of the western support and now as 2014 approaches we see if the West by
    British manipulation can stop the Scottish Referendum. In this sense Obbo Fayyis lacks honesty and an intellectual analysis as far as liberty of the Oromo nation concerned, it is a nasty political consumism!.

  19. ODF

    Jun 5, 13 at 11:59 pm

    did you really understand what Fayyis wrote? Is he against an independent Oromia you love and is there any hint in his opinion that he is favouring the ODF at the cost of the OLF?

  20. Hangaasa Galimmo

    Jun 6, 13 at 1:49 am

    Really it is a good analysis of Oromos struggle facing now.
    Imagine, even why not forging for the larger Alliances with all southern Ethiopian nations,Nationality etc
    Take for example ,The Ogadiani,the Sidam,the Afar,and others
    We all colonized by the Norther Abbisinians what the diffences????????????????/
    It is the sons and daughters of the opperased, fighting for Ethiopia regime by forces to keep all their peoples under opperasion
    Do not U guys see this?????????

  21. Hunde

    Jun 6, 13 at 1:34 pm

    what you said is completely true; I have witnessed and experienced it very well. From BADHADHE to kidist, from AYANA to Daniel so so stupid and painful. I think some well planned campaign should run to aware people especially here in Oromiya to help them to get their confidence in Oromumma back. Art, culture, and religion practices may help for this. And I hope it will also be more safer as It is not direct confrontation with TPLF at east. It needs “gurmaa’uu” and “wal gurmeessu” with well organized coordination from home and abroad with the help of ICT infrastructure blessings.
    I feel the pain when i see the tigrains guys talk their language proudly but the oromos not in the streets of Finfinne, shame on us!!!!

  22. ODF

    Jun 6, 13 at 5:48 pm

    “….. That is why also some ODF supporters, who nowadays started to say “we are Ethiopians” need to correct their rhetoric and boldly assert that they do belong to the Great Oromia, so that even the Habeshas can start to say “we are Oromians.” …..” This call must be extended also to supporters of the OLF-Jijjiirama, the OFC and the OPDO, who still call themselves Ethiopian, and with that undermine the fact that their country being Oromia. Accepting this Ethiopian identity has several negative impacts: 1) why should we call ourselves burnt face? 2) why should we accept its association with the Abyssinian system of domination? 3) it is almost equivalet to being won in the war between Ethiopia and Oromia 4) the Habesha propagandists of Ethiopia and Ethiopiawinet feel trumphant over the “narrow nationalist” Oromo 5) it is the same to hurting the feeling of our brothers and sisters in WBO, who fought against Ethiopia and for that reason hate this name……6) etc. Thus, even if the Habeshas insist on the name Ethiopia, all Oromo and others should consequently decide and start to rename the whole county as Oromia. To differentiate the presently existing little Oromia from this great Oromia, we can call the national area of the Oromo-proper as “naanno OROMOO (Oromo killil or Oromo state)”! So my fellow Oromo, let’s start from today on and call the whole empire as Oromia; let’s decide and stop calling it Ethiopia! TNX!

  23. Waqjiraa Gudataa

    Jun 6, 13 at 10:09 pm

    Dear ODF,
    For your response I read Fayyis’s article with great interest. I found it as the most conciliatory article for our Tokkummaa and a Must read timely article when our foes are re- organising in aggressive way to challenge the Oromos particularly . Its central message delivers a call for unity than ever to move forward for our national destiny. It is a very articulated message if we can catch up in time and refelect on our Tokkummaa. As far as the Oromo nation concerned, we are the only nation on earth who are as such always eager & demanding for un urgent UNITY including our popular songs. Our national songs are ALL in all are for Tokkummaa & Bilisummaa which makes us cry deeply. Our nationals from Oromiyaa to around the globe are very determined for our national cause. But our policy makers including Fayyis Oromia must listen our voice and lead us by unitary vision for the liberation of Oromiyaa in any form but without change of Kaayyoo that ” OLF” always will remain as our national symbol for generation to generation.
    ODF, I did not accuse Obbo Fayyis in favouring ODF over OLF. For me ODF also ours, but what I am against is only its policy which never serve for our national struggle. Its creation opened more window dressing for our foes to interfere in our national affairs. As a painful witness when every time both Dr. Dimaa and Dr. Beyan appear for interview on our enemie’s media they speak the language of chauvinists salvo/ except Obbo Leenco who never allow such humiliation. Why??.
    YES, I do challenge Obbo Fayyis on diplomatic bases that he should stop spreeding the inexistence fear as if the west against us what he seems supporting the debterw music. According to my personal witness the reality is a more quite different. I have several times met the Italian parliamentary officials as an Oromo Italian, a Greece politician through my father-in law, a UK parliamentary Lords who ready to support us as a fascinated interest with Oromos if we are really stand for that. The more we prove ourself with strength, the more friends are marching with us. Therefore, our Fayyis would have done more on diplomatic front everywhere an opportunity is from Khartoum to Cairo as a very interesting alliance. That is our great expectation from our policy makers.
    YES, w

  24. Unity

    Jun 7, 13 at 1:01 am

    “…..We should give up the notion of a “united” action. For the past forty years we have heard the word “unity, union, united etc.” that it has lost its meaning, and has become to mean to do nothing in unison, as the popular dictum “a committee is a gathering of people who cannot do anything by themselves, who together decide to do nothing”. A plethora of parties with hardly constituencies worth mentioning are more of a hindrance than a positive element. What is needed is a determined and genuinely patriotic group to leads the struggle for freedom…..”

  25. dire

    Jun 7, 13 at 6:05 am

    Ganda Ajaiba, ULFO is there, what makes TBO special. you guys want us to be busy building new org. But the oromo people refuse to follow these path. Like it or not the oromo people have already made their mind and will soon be launching and marching to Finfinne. The people already identified their enemies and friends. The difference that existed for so long is so obvious. It is clear that the agenda of the ethiopianist would love and prefer the Amhara over the rest of us not for many reason but for a fundamental and irreconcilable reason.


  26. Nama

    Jun 7, 13 at 7:49 pm

    Among the many names people tried to label me with this Cush or Kush is the most hateful.
    But there a delicious variety of potatoes in oromia we call it “qochoo kushii”. It’s fast growing and yields far more than others. Yet, trying to resurrect the dead Kush empire is like bringing back roman, ottoman and persian empires. Please stop day dreaming and do practical things. I think these people are being used as tools by Egypt and somali bandits to legitimize their claims on our resources. Yes, many Amhara elites hate us. But we have our part to this.
    We cannot defend Abaya(Nile) alone if we become independent tomorrow. Neither can Abysnians without us. But the life of future generations of east africa depends on this river. So we must reach a compromise and unequivoally and unreservedly defend our resources if we are attacked by Egypt or Somali bandits who preach “oromo and somalis are brothers'” , “obbolaawan islama” etc. but in reality enchroach on our land every day of every year by killing and displacing our people. We can not just watch while war is being waged on our soill by foreign forces. That’s why we must work closer specifically with Amhara moderates who treat us as equals and dont demand us speak their language, abandon qubee, destroy oromia or more.

  27. koorraa Bonaya

    Jun 9, 13 at 5:30 pm

    Theoretically, the three categories are not irreconcilable. However, the core issue is lack of accountability in all three categories. Without accountability, we lack consistency to move forward. At the end of the day, that is what is hindering progress. All other activities are generally taking place to avoid accountability.
    -Such comments like “narrow nationalism” by one category to call Oromo who do not accept federation with Ethiopia is inexcusable.
    -It is also unacceptable to call all Oromo that are forcing the Ethiopian system as “Gobanites.” Loosely fit accusations without evidence is both damaging to the individual and the struggle in general.

    I do not see any benefit in a Union with those that committed genocide against Oromo at this time, as I believe that path has been tested numerous times. General Tadassa Biruu started in the category where Oromo should have rights within Ethiopian states under the Amhara system. His beliefs were met with violence and Human Rights abuses, changing his belief that Oromo must be independent. Exploring the first option can only be done if something new has changed with Abyssinians. I would expect that the first step is Abyssinians acknowledge the Genocide against Oromo, implement a process for retribution then we can begin those discussions. Until then, one cannot expect any real commitment from Abyssinian leaders as was cleared proven by Meles Zenawi.

  28. Conflict

    Dec 3, 13 at 11:04 pm

    —–Three Ways of Solving the Stu’pid Conflict in Ethiopia/Oromia—–

    We all are trying to get a solution for the existing political conflict in the Ethiopian empire. There are three possible ways:

    – consensus of the polity: all the stake holder political groups should try to come to consensus on one of the three existing political arrangments (on independence or federation or integration). This is almost impossible as we saw it in the alliance building process up to now.

    – democracy as a rule of the future political game, so that the decision for one of the three arrangements can be done per public verdict (referendum). This is a possible way, if we are mature enough and feel responsible for the future stability.

    – force as an option, like what we did till now, which is the irresponsible way of solving the conflict for it costs much and brings us back to square zero; unfortunately it is the yet existing way of solving conflicts in Africa in general and in Ethiopia in particular.

    We know that there are now four political camps in the empire: 1. the hegemonists, who are now ruling; 2. the integrationists, who want to get rid of the present “ethnic” federation to foster a geography-based federal arrangement; 3. the federalists, who try to make the existing federal arrangement be genuine or true and; 4. the independencists, who strive to achieve an independent nation state like an independent republic of Oromia.

    The struggle to solve the conflict has got three phases:

    – in the first phase now, the three freedom groups (pro-independence, pro-federation and pro-integration) are fighting against the hegemonists. The method to be used is force, because of the fact that the ruling hegemonists are not open for either consensus or democracy. Surely the freedom group will win.

    – in the second phase, the struggle will be: the two national sovereignity groups (pro-independence and pro-federation) vs the integrationists. The methods to be applied are most probabaly either democracy or force, because of the fact that trying to have a consensus has repeatedly failed. Here, I think the victory will be for the sovereignty groups.

    – in the third phase, there will be a competition between the independencists and the federalists. The method to be used will surely be democracy (referendum). The result can be, for instance, in Oromia’s case: an independent republic of Oromia or an integrative state of Oromia. Who will be the winner can be seen in due time.

    So, now let’s concentrate on fighting against the hegemonist Woyane in unison and solve the existing conflict in the empire phase by phase or step by step!