Memorial Day of the Oromo Martyrs

By Leenjiso Horo* | April 2014 "The legacy of heroes is the memory of a great name and the inheritance of a great example." - Benjamin Disraeli The 15th day of April/Ebla is the Memorial Day of the Oromo Martyrs.  For this, on this day of April, we come together to commemorate the fallen Oromo heroes and heroines.  This day has been designated as the Memorial Day of Oromo Martyrs at the meeting of the National Council (Gumii Sabaa) of Oromo Liberation Front held in 1984.  Since then,  the Oromo have been observing this Memorial Day, and it has gained widespread acceptance ...

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Empire Federalization as a political scheme to undermine the Oromo struggle for independence

By Leenjiso Horo* | March 2014 Introduction The purpose of this article is two folds.  On one hand, it is to make a distinction among the forms of federalism; and on the other, to underscore that federalism is a wrong political answer to a colonial question.  Hence, from the outset I would like to state that empire federalization is against the right of colonized nations to self-determination, and so it is against the colonized people's legitimate yearning and aspirations for freedom, national independence, and statehood.  Federalism of the Empire-State of Ethiopia is hostile to the necessity of establishing independent Democratic Republic of ...

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The Marks of Aannolee, Azulee and Chalanqoo/Calanqoo Cannot be Erased from the Memory of Oromo Generations

By Leenjiso Horo* | January 2014 The marks of Aannolee, Azulee and Chalanqoo cannot be erased from the memory of successive Oromo generations and from the history of the Oromo people. These marks are incorporated into our collective memory. For this, centuries may pass, generations may come and go, but the crimes of Abyssinia - the mutilation of breasts of women and girls, and of the right hands of men and boys at Aannolee, and the mass massacres at Azulee and Chalanqoo will not be erased - will never be diminished, and never be forgotten. Menelik II's mutilation of breasts of women ...

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Yesterday’s Mistakes, Today’s Reality and Tomorrow’s Destiny

By Leenjiso Horo* | January 2014 History is interpreted as a record of events that happened in the past. Every nation has its own history - its record of events that happened in the past, and so does the Oromo nation. And, of course, the world itself has its history.

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Through Oromiyaa’s Lens: Focusing on the Greatest Oromo Generation

By Leenjiso Horo* | November 2013 Introduction: The years 1950s-1980s were the birth years of the greatest Oromo generation.  It was and still is the greatest generation as those generations that established the Gadaa system as well as the generation that fought in the defense of Oromiyaa against the Abyssinian colonialists, who was aided by the European powers of the time, among which were Great Britain, Czarist Russia, Switzerland, Italy, France, Khedive Ismail of Egypt and etc. The major factors that helped the Abyssinians in the conquest of Oromiyaa were summarized by Earl Lytton in his book The Stolen Desert as follow:

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The role of Oromo music artists in the Oromo national liberation struggle

By Leenjiso Horo* | October 2013 THE ROLE OF OROMO MUSIC ARTISTS IN THE OROMO NATIONAL LIBERATION STRUGGLE Throughout history, music has been used as a means of struggle. It is a form of language, a type of communication, and a revolutionary force in the time of national struggle. Popular music conveys messages. It conveys messages of patriotism and highlights popular sentiments. It inspires passion, pride, nationalism, and action in citizens to take. It encourages citizens to take up weapons and fight for the cause they believe in. For this, it taps into everything from historical memories of past conflicts to ...

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Irreconcilable Conflicts Between Political Programs of 1998 and 2004

By Leenjiso Horo | June 2013 IRRECONCILABLE CONFLICTS BETWEEN POLITICAL PROGRAMS OF 1998 AND 2004 Points to note: One needs to understand the chain of events that gave rise to the hatching out of the Oromo Democratic Front (ODF). It is the result of a silent and secret creeping of a group within the rank of OLF members in the Diaspora with the purpose in mind to dismantle the OLF and its political program. The Political Program of 2004 was a project laid out as a foundation for the formation of the Oromo Democratic Front (ODF). It was written by those ...

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Jaarraa Abbaa Gadaa the Nationalist: Lessons of Heroic Leadership

By Leenjiso Horo* | March 2013 JAARRAA ABBAA GADAA THE NATIONALIST: LESSONS OF HEROIC LEADERSHIP My sadness runs very deep at the death of Obboo Jaarraa Abbaa Gadaa. He was a great nationalist leader. We are faced with an irreplaceable loss. We have lost an uncompromising great freedom fighter, and one of the best articulator of the Oromo cause.

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Understanding Some Terminologies in Oromo Political Discourse: The Need for Clarity

By Leenjiso Horo* | February 2013 UNDERSTANDING SOME TERMINOLOGIES IN OROMO POLITICAL DISCOURSE: THE NEED FOR CLARITY The aim of this article is to clarify the definitions and the meanings of terminologies and phrases that have been distorted, inadequately translated, improperly and willfully made ambiguous, thereby making communication confusing and harder to interpret. These terminologies are independence/walabummaa, liberation/bilisummaa, colonial question, question of national oppression and self-determination. These are powerful languages if properly understood and used. They damage one's cause if misused. Critical evaluation of meanings and definitions of these words are needed before using them. Here below, each will be ...

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The Oromo Consensus: Unity Makes Strength

By Leenjiso Horo* | January, 2013

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